Gold Rush: Benefits of Tanzania Mining Reforms
March 27, 2020
March 27, 2020
Gold exports generate 51.4% of Tanzania’s non-traditional export goods. A series of reforms to the Tanzanian Mining Act 2010 have made significant changes. “A mineral right holder shall give preference to goods which are produced or available in Tanzania and services which are rendered by Tanzanian citizens and or local companies.” This ensures mining companies must give preference to Tanzanian companies and citizens. Under this regulation, non-Tanzanian companies must enter a joint venture arrangement (Barrick Gold) with the government. The setup of mineral hubs reduced the small and medium scale miner’s capacity for evasion of tax and mineral smuggling.
The Bank of Tanzania’s Monthly Economic Review stated gold exports significantly raised from $1.407 billion in October 2018 to $2.087 billion in October 2019. This is an increase of 48.3% in one year. The new joint venture agreement with Barrick Gold will benefit Tanzania with a $300 million settlement for previous disputes, while providing a 50/50 split in revenues which will be substantial. Barrick Gold is recruiting Tanzanian nationals, replacing expatriate workers, which directly benefits Tanzanians.
The mining sector has increased the contribution to GDP to 5% 2018/19, an increase from 4.8% last year. In the 2018/19 end of the fiscal year, projected income was $134.5 million. The government targets $205.5 million for the 2019/20 financial year. The World Bank 2019 Doing Business Report ranked Tanzania 144th out of 190 countries. Down seven from their previous report. Despite this, Tanzania has a viable source of foreign investment opportunities in China and Russia if current investment was to decrease.
Image: Mining.com / Acacia Mining (link)
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Eren Ersozoglu is an analyst at Grey Dynamics. A former history graduate from Coventry University with a focus on links between terrorism and organised crime and intelligence and security studies graduate at Brunel University.