The rule of law in Burundi has struggled to recover from the 2015 political crisis. This crisis resulted from President Pierre Nkurunziza, aiming to run for another election (source). Additionally, authorities brutally repressed criticism of the decision, including cases of mass arrests, detentions, executions and torture (source). Politicians use corruption to maintain power in Burundi (source). Having an effective rule of law comprises a strong justice system, an effective anti-corruption framework, and media pluralism (source). Although President Ndayishimiye is fighting corruption, Burundi still has a way to go before having a functional rule of law.
Key Judgement 1: There is a realistic probability that members of the government will target political opponents through ill-treatment over the next 12 months.
Key Judgement 2: It is likely that the level of corruption within Burundi will lower over the next 12 months because of President Ndayishimiye’s determination to crack down on the problem.
Key Judgement 3: It is likely that press freedom will continue to be violated over the next 12 months by the government, which aims to silence critical journalists.